Backlog in vacancies for SC/ST/OBC
Department of Personnel & Training deals with reservation in posts & services under the Central Government. The services under the State come under the List-II i.e. “State List” of the Constitution, which are within the jurisdiction of the Governments of respective states. Reservation for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes in case of direct recruitment on all India basis, in Central Government posts and Services by open competition is 15%, 7.5% and 27% respectively. In case of direct recruitment on all India basis otherwise than by open competition, in Central Government posts and services, the reservation for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes is 16.66% 7.5% and 25.84% respectively.
As on 01.01.2013, as reported by 71 Ministries/Departments, the representation of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes, was 17.55%, 7.72 and 17.71% respectively. Therefore, while the representation of SCs and STs is as per the prescribed percentage, the representation of OBCs is less than the prescribed percentage due to the following reasons:
(i) Reservation for Other Backward Classes started only from the year 1993.
(ii) Other Backward Classes candidates who are appointed up to 1993, that is before introduction of reservation for the Other Backward Classes, are not included for counting the representation.
(iii) There is generally a time gap between occurrence of vacancies and filling thereof as recruitment is a time consuming process.
As per the information received from Ministries/Departments, 48034 backlog vacancies for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes were filled up during the Special Recruitment Drive which concluded on 31.03.2012. In addition, during the period 01.04.2012 to 31.12.2014, 19676 backlog reserved vacancies of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes were also filled up in Central Government Departments/ attached and sub-ordinate offices, Banks etc.
Government constituted a Committee in July, 2013 under the Chairmanship of Secretary, Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment to make an in depth analysis of the reasons for backlog of filling up of reserved vacancies and suggest measures to enhance the employability of reserved category candidates. The Committee submitted its report in May, 2014. Subsequent to the receipt of the recommendations of the Committee, time bound action has been finalized and intimated to all concerned Departments/Ministries on 20.11.2014 for filling up such backlog vacancies by August, 2016. The Action Plan includes study of reasons for non-filing of backlog reserved vacancies; review of prescribed standards, if required; concluding Special Recruitment Drive and conducting pre-recruitment training programmes.
This was stated by the Minister of State for Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions and Minister of State in the Prime Minister’s Office Dr. Jitendra Singh in a written reply to a question by Shri P.L. Punia in the Rajya Sabha today.